Frequently Asked Questions

What other communities have a campus model or are developing a campus model?

The campus approach methodology has been adopted and adapted by many communities. Campus models are uniquely designed to meet each community’s need. They share key elements such as: co-location of services, interim housing, and access to long-term housing. Some campus models have supportive housing on-site. Others have developed off-site housing due to land limitations. The following are just a few examples of communities who have developed or in the process of developing a campus model:

  • Haven of Hope: San Antonio, Texas
  • Camillus House: Miami, Florida
  • Orange County Rescue Mission: Tustin, California
  • Riverview Hope Campus: Fort Smith, Arizona
  • Century Villages at Cabrillo: Long Beach, California
  • Dorothy Day Center: St. Paul, Minnesota
  • Broward Partnership: Fort Lauderdale, Florida
  • Buffalo City Mission: Buffalo, New York
  • Solana Rescue Mission: Solano, California
  • L.A. Family Housing: Los Angles, California
  • West Town Campus: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • The Bridge: Dallas, Texas
  • Housing Resource Center: Virginia Beach, Virginia
  • St. Patrick Center: St. Louis, Missouri.

How large will the campus be and will you build the campus all at once?

Fully developed the Campus of Hope itself will encompass seven acres of land. The campus will be built in 2 phases.

  • Phase 1 will provide:
    • 60 *micro-units of long-term supportive housing for men
    • 60 micro-units of long-term supportive housing for women and **families.
    • A 75 person Interim Housing facility for those who need immediate housing to transition into long-term supportive housing.
    • A 15 person Addiction Treatment Facility offering 30 to 60 day treatment housing program to help clients overcome their addictions or dependencies in order to be able to resume a normal life without the burden of these destructive habits.
    • A 6 bed Inpatient Detox Centers that provides medical supervision to addicts who want to break their physical and mental dependence on alcohol or drugs.
    • A Recuperative Care Center encompassing a variety of support services to address the root cause of homelessness for all those on the campus especially for those in interim housing. Services at the Center include evaluation and assessment, individual and group counseling, on-going substance abuse prevention and education, employment training and retention, case management, referral services, housing services, vocational services, a cafeteria with a teaching kitchen  and other therapeutic activities.
    • Administrative offices
    • A food, clothing and basic necessities donation center.
    • A grocery and clothing store for those living on the Campus of Home.
  • Phase 2 will provide:
    • A chapel/multi service room
    • A meditation/retreat area
    • A small amphitheater for campus events
    • A fitness center, walking/running track, basketball court
    • A Social Enterprise facility
    • A day care and playground
    • A 15 person Addiction Treatment Facility offering 30 to 60 day treatment housing program to help clients overcome their addictions or dependencies in order to be able to resume a normal life without the burden of these destructive habits.

*A micro-unit is a 300 to 350 square foot apartment consisting of a bathroom, a stackable washer/dryer unit, a clothing closet, a kitchenette (refrigerator, stove, microwave, sink, cupboards), and a bedroom/living room conversion area.

**Family units will consist of two micro-units accessed by a common door.

Who will the campus serve and house?

The campus will assist homeless or at risk of becoming homeless individuals, families, veterans and emancipated foster youth who live, work, or have family currently residing in Placer County. Documentation must be provided to prove that individuals meet that criteria. The Placer Rescue Mission will contract out background screenings for Social Security Verification, Address Trace, Local & National Criminal Record Search, and Sex Offender Registry Search on all persons before receiving services on the Campus of Hope.

In “general”, those who are housed on the campus fall into two categories:

  • Individuals and families who are currently homeless and are in need of “interim” housing and support services in order to attain stable health, stable income, and stable integrated affordable housing in the community.
  • Homeless individuals who are currently in need of “permanent” housing. Individuals whose mental illness and/or physical illness has deteriorated to a point that, without the campus intervening in their life, they would eventually die on the streets. These individuals will never afford a home in the community – but now have a place to call home. They will never be employed – but now have a part-time volunteer job. They will never experience what we call a “normal life” – but now they are surrounded by people who have created an environment of acceptance, love, and accountability so that they may live the rest of their life in dignity.

What if a transient comes for services on the campus?

Though the Placer Rescue Mission believes in a compassionate and accountable approach when addressing the needs of the homeless, resources are not available to sustain transients. The campus is being developed proportionately to the needs of “our community” and all services are offered only to persons who live, work or have family that currently resides in Placer County.

No additional “street-level” services will be offered outside the campus by the Placer Rescue Mission or its partnering agencies.

What are the yearly operating costs and will the campus save the community money?

According to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and several other studies throughout the country it costs about $40,000 per year for a homeless person to be on the streets. In contrast, these same studies reveal it costs just $11,000 per year for a homeless person to be placed in long-term supportive housing.

  • Based on current data Phase 1 Estimated Operating Cost will be $2.2 million per year saving the community an estimated $4.6 million per year.

Why not just purchase residential homes to house the homeless?

According to the 2017 Placer County Homeless Count, there are 476 “Unsheltered and Emergency Sheltered Homeless” single adults in need of housing with about 45% of the homeless living in the South Placer Area. In order to maximize more successful outcomes and provide a more stable living environment, each adult should be placed in an individual bedroom. For this methodology to be successful in Placer County, an organization would need to:

  • Purchase 71 three-bedroom residential homes to provide supportive housing for the South Placer Area homeless.
  • Raise approximately $28.4 million to purchase 71 homes at an average cost of $400K per home.
  • Find 71 homes available for sale and outbid other homebuyers in the community.
  • Overcome “Not-In-My-Backyard” groups who oppose the placement of homeless individuals in their neighborhood even though state law allows it.
  • Increase their case management costs, transportation, and overall operating cost for a scattered site model.
  • Overcome transportation and access to service barriers that homeless individuals would experience as a result of being scattered throughout South Placer County.

This cost model does not include the individuals and families living in Transitional Housing that is time limited to two years. This would ultimately impact the need for housing and increase cost factors significantly.

Why not build high density scattered sites or “integrated” housing in the community?

After 13 years of prospecting potential sites to build housing for the homeless the conclusion was made that:

  • The few “infill” sites available to build 20 to 25 units of housing per acre would be better suited for low and very low-income individuals and families not extremely low-income or homeless individuals and families. Developing “infill” sites with an array of very low and moderate-income housing would allow for a percentage of campus residents who have achieved life and income stability to move into “integrated community housing”.
  • Currently, for a project to be economically feasible, 30 units of housing per acre are needed. However, that particular density does not currently fit in most “infill” areas.
  • No landowners could be found who were willing to sell their land for the purpose of developing high-density housing for the homeless.
  • The price of land to develop housing made any project unfeasible.
  • It was determined that building on “infill” properties near residential neighborhoods would bring about costly and lengthy lawsuits.

Why build in the Sunset Park Area?

There is an urgent need to develop housing for the homeless and extremely low-income in South Placer County. Over the last 20 years efforts to build housing targeting this population has had limited success resulting in an increase of the homeless population and increased costs. Currently the estimated cost on homelessness in Placer County is $20 million a year. Consequently, there is a greater sense of urgency to address the lack of housing that has been identified as a root cause of homelessness.

  • The property in the Sunset Park Area is owned by Placer County and the cost of entering into a long-term lease on the land is nominal making the project economically feasible to develop.
  • The site location has minimal if any impact on residential neighborhoods.
  • Locating the campus in a light industrial area increases potential employment opportunities for the campus residents.
  • The acreage available allows us to develop a multi-service center eliminating the duplication of services.
  • The proposed site has the potential of relocating the emergency shelter currently located in Downtown Roseville to create a Recuperative Care Center. The new model for a Recuperative Care Center allows for 24/7 admission preferred by local police departments, activities of daily living, medical and metal health treatment, substance abuse counseling, vocational training, intensive case management, and access to long-term housing among other services.

Are there other potential sites to locate the Placer Rescue Mission?

The Placer Rescue Mission’s Board of Directors would consider other potential sites located in South Placer County if the site meets the following criteria.

  • The site location has six to eight acres of land to build upon.
  • The site location would be donated to the Placer Rescue Mission, or
  • The site location would be available for a long-term low-cost lease that would allow the project to be economically feasible.

Will the Placer Rescue Mission seek government funds toward construction and ongoing operational costs?

  • No! The Placer Rescue Mission has no intention to seek federal, state, county or city funding for the project.

The Placer Rescue Mission did receive $44,000 from Placer County to perform a “Due Diligence” report on the proposed site. Under contract, the “Due Diligence” report is the property of the County of Placer.

Why a Faith-Based Organization when addressing the issue of homelessness in South Placer County?

Faith-based organizations are often at the front lines of the issue of homelessness. A new case study out from Baylor Institute for Studies of Religion: “Assessing the Faith-based Response to Homelessness in America,” echoes the approach of PRM in identifying systematic causes of homelessness. These causes are not just about a lack of housing, but a loss of other forms of relational and spiritual capital. With respect to faith-based organizations ‘distinctive approach to addressing homelessness, the report notes FBO homeless ministries are at the forefront of program innovation and organizational transformation for improving positive outcomes for the homeless individuals and families served. Partnering with their local communities faith-based organizations are often able to work toward effectively treating the issue of homelessness because they recognize humans as spiritual and relational beings, in addition to beings with material needs. According to the case study, faith-based organizations provide 60 percent of the emergency shelter beds for the homeless population in America. Faith-based organizations such as PRM have a unique capacity to identify the interdependence of spiritual, physical, relational, mental-health, and vocational well being has, sadly, often been overlooked.

Is the campus the complete solution to homelessness?

  • There is still a great need to arrange for very low and low-income housing integrated throughout the community. According to the Housing Elements for Placer County, Lincoln, Rocklin, and Roseville, 5,617 extremely low and very low income housing units need to be built by the year 2021.
  • There will always be some homeless in the community who are unwilling or not ready for services provided on the campus. The campus outreach team will work diligently with local police, mental health services, and hospitals to connect homeless individuals and families with housing and services available on the campus.

Won’t the campus attract homeless people from all over the region?

It is a common misconception that people experiencing homelessness will choose to move to Placer County from other cities simply to access Placer County-based housing and services. The narrative is that the Placer Rescue Mission’s Campus of Hope will offer social services that will act as a magnet to people in a homeless crisis.

It’s called the Magnet Myth and it’s simply inaccurate…and there is data to prove it!

  • According to the 2015 Homeless Needs Assessment and Action Plan for Placer County 35% of respondents went to High School in Placer County, 50% of respondents has family from Placer County, 55% of respondents had a job in Placer County before becoming homeless, almost 70% of respondents have lived in Placer County for 5 years or longer, and 85% lived in Placer County before they became homeless.
  • San Francisco reported that in 2015 “seventy-one percent (71%) of respondents reported they were living in San Francisco at the time they most recently became homeless, an increase from 61% in 2013. Of those, nearly half (49%) had lived in San Francisco for 10 years or more. Eleven percent (11%) had lived in San Francisco for less than one year.”
  • In its 2007 Greater Los Angeles Homeless Count, Los Angeles Homeless Service Authority found that there were nearly 74,000 homeless people residing within the County of Los Angeles. At that time, LAHSA also found that the percentage of homeless people who were housed in Los Angeles County when they became homeless increased to 84 percent.
  • While anti-homeless neighborhood types continue to claim the city’s homeless population isn’t really “from here,” a new 2017 city survey of 1,050 homeless people in Seattle supports what advocates have been saying. It found that although it’s true only 31 percent of survey respondents were “originally from Seattle,” around 70 percent of the homeless people surveyed were already living in Seattle or King County when they most recently became homeless. About 49 percent were living in the city and 21 percent were living elsewhere in King County. About 13 percent of those surveyed came from out of state when they most recently became homeless.
  • Studies have shown that homeless people do not migrate for services. To the extent they do move to new areas, it is because they are searching for work, have family in the area, or other reasons not related to services. The Chapman Partnership in Miami and Homestead Florida most recent study found that 75% of homeless people are still living in the city in which they became homeless.

The Magnet Myth is not only false, it is harmful because it suggests that the existence of social service programs creates a perverse incentive for interests outside of Placer County and a strain on county and cities resources. That argument is dangerous because it can be used to defund social service providers.

The Placer Rescue Mission will work with local city/county officials and law enforcement to communicate with the Sacramento Region entities that the campus only serves homeless individuals who live, work, or have family currently residing in Placer County. 

Will other nonprofits provide services on the campus?

The goal of the Placer Rescue Mission is to form strategic partnerships with other nonprofits by providing an opportunity for them to move or expand their services on our campus. The Placer Rescue Mission is currently engaged in discussions with The Gathering Inn, Placer County Mental Health Services as well as others to relocate their services to the campus.

How will the campus be managed?

The Placer Rescue Mission Board of Directors will provide oversight of the campus. A collaborative Campus Management Group consisting of all campus service providers will be formed. The Campus Management Group will meet bi-weekly to assure that the campus is achieving successful outcomes. The Campus Management Group will focus on answering the questions: How are we doing? What can we do better? What will it take for us to improve?

Other key factors in campus management include:

  • There is no duplication of services.
  • Organizations are not working in silos.
  • Funding for services is done in partnership not competition.
  • Local faith-based ministries are encouraged to volunteer on the campus instead of organizing efforts to hand out food and clothing to the homeless in the community.
  • The campus operates as a “closed” campus to increase the safety for those residing on the campus assuring no person camp or hang around the facilities.
  • Police Background checks are performed on ALL people assuring that NO violent and/or sexual offenders will not be housed on the campus.
  • All residents on campus must be employed 32+ hours a week or volunteer 32 hours a week to perform campus functions such as landscape, intake, cafeteria, donation center, etc. Those receiving State Disability, Social Security, and/or Workers Compensation also must volunteer 32 hours a week but this will be determined on a case-by-case basis.
  • Local law enforcement may access a Recuperative Care Center intake worker 24/7 allowing police an opportunity to place a homeless person from the streets to the campus.
  • Local law enforcement has access to the Homeless Management Information System to identify any potential person in violation of laws.

What about security on the campus?

A Security Guard Office will be included on the campus. Two full-time security staff will be employed. In addition volunteers will also be utilized. The campus will be equipped with cameras located in the outdoor areas, parking lots, open spaces, facilities, and the entryways and hallways of the housing and the Recuperative Care Center. The Placer Rescue Mission will also collaborate with the Placer County Sheriff to provide regular campus visits and walk-throughs.

What is the cost of building the campus and how will you raise the money?

Though the campus is currently being design and construction costs are being put together. After the final architectural drawings and construction budget is complete the Placer Rescue Mission will begin its capital campaign that includes churches, businesses, foundations, community residents and in-kind construction support from Home Aid.

Will residents with income pay for their housing and how much income can they earn?

Yes. Residents with income will be charged a program fee of no more than 30% of their gross income. HUD Income Limits Documentation System will be used to determine the maximum extremely low-income for individuals and/or family can earn to live on the campus. Those earning more than the income limit will be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

The Placer Rescue Mission is part of our community’s plan to provide

a comprehensive and cost- saving solution to homelessness